Rangahau – The Research

Research is critical to the outcome of Wai 2750. It ensures there is a strong evidence base on both the issues raised by the claimants and the solutions needed to reset the housing system in partnership with Māori.

We acknowledge the mātauranga Māori of iwi, hapū and whānau and all that they travel with on their pathway. The rich resources of whakapapa, historical and contemporary knowledge, and kōrero tuku iho are taonga. We respect them as an essential part of understanding Māori housing needs and aspirations.   

Research will be submitted to the Waitangi Tribunal by the Crown, Claimants and Waitangi Tribunal researchers for the Inquiry.  

The Waitangi Tribunal will produce reports and recommendations for each stage of the Inquiry.  The Crown and claimants will also submit research as part of their evidence to show how policies and services are developed and evaluated, and the impact this has on whānau. 

Pre-Casebook Research Discussion Paper

The Tribunal has issued a paper that explores the availability of information and analysis to support the inquiry.

The discussion paper contains information on the inquiry and the history of Māori housing.

Read the Pre-Casebook Research Discussion Paper on the Waitangi Tribunal website(external link) 

Tribunal research programme

The Waitangi Tribunal-commissioned research for stage two is underway. There are six key reports: 

Historical Māori Housing 1840-1934


Māori Land between 1870 – 2021(external link)


Māori Housing between 1935 – 1990(external link)


Māori Home Ownership 1991- 2021(external link)


Māori in the private rental market 1991 – 2021(external link)


Social Housing and Special Needs 1991 - 2021 

Memorandum extending research commissions 29 November 2022

Claimant counsel and the Crown co-commissioned the Historical Māori Housing 1840 – 1934 report. The reports are due to be published by early 2023. 

Research to support the Wai 2750 inquiry  

Te Tūāpapa Kura Kāinga values evidence-based policy development, working both across government and externally with Māori housing providers to strengthen policy advice.  

Collaborating with Māori housing providers through research commissioned in 2019 enabled Te Tūāpapa Kura Kāinga to engage with Māori, Iwi, hapū and whānau working at the frontline of homelessness.  This created a space within the agency for Māori to influence policy development. Examples of this approach to research will be submitted for the Inquiry.  

One way Te Tūāpapa Kura Kāinga has worked to support the Inquiry is by contributing research and statistics to the kete of knowledge being considered.  

The table below is a compilation of what Te Tūāpapa Kura Kāinga has prepared to date. These are a record as at the time they were published and may not reflect more current, up-to-date information. 

Related research and statistics

Government Publications relevant to Māori Housing Policies and Services since 1970 - A Working Bibliography, Part One: Explanatory note(external link)

Government publications bibliography, August 2020(external link)

Government publications bibliography - additional documents, October 2020(external link)

Annotated Bibliography of Government Publications relating to Māori Homelessness, October 2020(external link)

This bibliography provides a list of Government publications since April 1970 relating to the Wai 2750 Waitangi Tribunal kaupapa inquiry into housing policy and services. The Explanatory note describes the approach taken. 

Stocktake of data relevant to Wai 2750 collected and held by government agencies, February 2020(external link)

A collation of the data held by agencies and relevant government publications, organised into the four preliminary themes of Wai 2750 as identified by the Tribunal. 

Trends in Public Housing for Whānau Māori Using IDI data and information up to 31 December 2018(external link)

Insights into the conditions for Māori households waiting on the public housing register and/or living in public housing leading up to December 2018.

Household Economic Survey 2018-19 - High-level findings for Māori households, March 2020(external link)

A point-in-time snapshot of the experiences of Māori households as reported in the Household Economic Survey for the year ended 30 June 2019. This includes aspects of economic wellbeing and housing warmth and dryness.

Public Housing Report - Snapshot for whānau Māori, April 2020(external link)

A point-in-time snapshot of the access of people who identify as Māori to public housing and housing support services.

Te Kupenga 2018 (Provisional results) High-level findings relevant to Māori housing policy and services, May 2020(external link)

A point-in-time snapshot of the experiences of Māori adults as reported in the Te Kupenga Survey. This data was collected from June – September 2018.

Severe housing deprivation in Aotearoa New Zealand, 2018 - June 2021 update(external link)

Updated findings of the estimate of the level of homelessness in 2018.

General Social Survey 2018, High-level findings for people with Māori ethnicity, July 2020(external link)

A point-in-time snapshot of the experiences of Māori individuals as reported in the General Social Survey for the year ending March 2019. The data covers aspects of housing quality and tenure.

Household Crowding – High-level findings for people with Māori ethnicity, August 2020(external link)

An overview of household crowding experienced by people with Māori ethnicity, as reported in the 2018 Census.

Damp and mould for people in occupied private dwellings – High-level findings for people with Māori ethnicity, December 2020(external link)

An overview of the presence of persistent mould and damp with which people with Māori ethnicity are living, as reported in the 2018 Census.

 

Tenure of households for people in occupied private dwellings – High-level findings for people with Māori ethnicity, December 2020(external link)

An overview of the tenure of the households that people with Māori ethnicity are living in, as reported in the 2018 Census.

 

Number of amenities and access to amenities for people in occupied private dwellings – High-level findings for people with Māori ethnicity, December 2020(external link)

An overview of the basic housing quality amenities that people with Māori ethnicity are living with, as reported in the 2018 Census.

 

Excerpts from Housing in Aotearoa: 2020 Report, December 2020(external link)

Includes parts of the Housing in Aotearoa: 2020(external link) report that have information by ethnicity and thus which include data on Māori.

 

He Oranga Ngākau, He Pikinga Wairua, A pūrākau of He Kāinga Ora ki Ōtautahi Housing First Christchurch, December 2020(external link)

This pūrākau from Tīaho Limited tells the story of He Kāinga Ora ki Ōtautahi and its delivery of the Housing First programme in Christchurch.

 

He Whare Kōrero o Mangatakitahi - Housing First Rotorua, December 2020(external link)

This pūrākau from Tīaho Limited tells the story of Mangatakitahi which opened its doors on 1 May 2019 to deliver the Housing First programme in Rotorua.

Reports using Youth-19 Data, March 2022(external link)

Reports using Youth19 data considered of use to the Tribunal and claimants. Youth19 is the latest in the Aotearoa New Zealand Youth2000 series of health and wellbeing surveys.

Housing First Evaluation and Rapid Rehousing Review Phase One Report, March 2022(external link)

Key insights from the phase one evaluation of the Housing First evaluation and review of the Rapid Rehousing trial.

Housing Register Data, April 2022(external link) Quarterly snapshot and annual time series data of the housing register from 2000 to 2021.