Kāinga Ora―Homes and Communities
- Kāinga Ora – Homes and Communities
Kāinga Ora–Homes and Communities is a new Crown agency that brings together the people, capability and functions from Housing New Zealand, its development subsidiary HLC, and most of the KiwiBuild Unit.
Kāinga Ora will have two key roles – continuing to be a public housing landlord, and a new role to work in partnership to enable, facilitate, and deliver housing and urban development projects.
Kāinga Ora is being established through two separate pieces of legislation. The Kāinga Ora–Homes and Communities Act 2019 established Kāinga Ora as a Crown agent. A second bill, to be introduced later in the year, will give Kāinga Ora access to a range of existing development powers that are currently spread across multiple statutes and agencies.
Kāinga Ora and the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development have complementary and interdependent roles in housing and urban development. The two organisations must work in close partnership to ensure they are successful.
The Ministry is responsible for leadership in the housing and urban system, advising the Government on strategic direction for the system and for Kāinga Ora, policy advice, and monitoring the system including Kāinga Ora, purchasing public housing places and regulatory oversight.
Kāinga Ora is the Government’s primary housing and urban development delivery arm, focused on providing public housing principally for those most in need, and initiating or undertaking urban development.
During development Kāinga Ora was referred to as the ‘Housing and Urban Development Authority’ and ‘Urban Development Authority’.
Visit Kāinga Ora at www.kaingaora.govt.nz
Kāinga Ora will be a public landlord
Kāinga Ora provides the public housing functions previously performed by Housing New Zealand. This includes managing tenancies, and building, upgrading, and repairing public housing. It is the Government’s aspiration that Kāinga Ora be a world class public landlord.
For former Housing New Zealand tenants, there is no change to tenancies, or the services received. There are, however, increased expectations on Kāinga Ora to be a fair and reasonable landlord.
Kāinga Ora will work in partnership
Kāinga Ora will work in partnership with developers, iwi and Māori, local and central government, community housing providers, infrastructure providers, and non-profit organisations to achieve its public housing and urban development goals. It is intended to enable and complement the private sector, rather than compete with it.
Kāinga Ora will support Māori aspirations
Kāinga Ora will engage meaningfully and early with Māori, actively protect Māori interests, and actively pursue shared opportunities for Māori participation in urban development.
Kāinga Ora and its partners will have better access to a toolbox of development powers
Later in 2019, the Minister for Urban Development will introduce legislation (the Urban Development Bill) to support Kāinga Ora to enable, lead or facilitate complex urban development. This includes giving Kāinga Ora the ability to enable, lead or facilitate a special type of project – called specified development projects (SPDs).
An SDP is a development project in a defined location with clear strategic objectives approved by Cabinet. The SDP pathway will mean that planning, infrastructure and funding can come together in a way that allows for more streamlined delivery, enabling complex urban development projects that would otherwise be constrained under current disconnected regulatory arrangements.
The SDP process allows Kāinga Ora and its partners access to specific development powers to facilitate and lead transformational change. These powers are currently available under different pieces of legislation, but the SDP process will bring them together in one place, and consolidate the processes associated with using them so that planning is streamlined. The development powers Kāinga Ora and its partners will have access to under an SDP are:
- shortened planning and consenting processes
- building and changing infrastructure
- funding for infrastructure and development activities
- bringing together parcels of land
- reconfiguring reserves.
Public engagement on setting up Kāinga Ora
In February 2017, the previous Government issued a discussion document on urban development authorities. Consultation closed in May 2017 with 350 submissions received. This feedback informed the decisions made by Cabinet on Kāinga Ora and the Urban Development Bill. This includes the decision to establish Kāinga Ora with the dual responsibilities of being a public landlord and an urban development authority. This was to consolidate the capability that already existed in New Zealand.
What happens next?
When the Urban Development Bill is introduced to Parliament later this year, there will be opportunities for the public to make submissions on the Bill when it reaches select committee. When the Bill is passed, the public will be able to submit on proposed SDPs before they are approved. In the meantime, Kāinga Ora will operate under the existing planning framework, for all its urban development projects.
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Development has released all Cabinet papers about Kāinga Ora. In these documents you can find out more about the advice and decision-making processes behind the creation of Kāinga Ora.
For more information on Kāinga Ora or the Urban Development Bill please email your enquiry to email@example.com
Published: October 1, 2019